Robust Real-time LiDAR-inertial Initialization
Mr. Zhu Fangcheng
PhD candidate in the Mechanical Engineering Dept.
Date & Time
Thursday, 28 April 2022
For most LiDAR-inertial odometry, accurate initial states, including temporal offset and extrinsic transformation between LiDAR and 6-axis IMUs, play a significant role and are often considered prerequisites. However, such information may not be always available in customized LiDAR-inertial systems. In this paper, we propose LI-Init: a full and real-time LiDAR-inertial system initialization process that calibrates the temporal offset and extrinsic parameter between LiDARs and IMUs, and also the gravity vector and IMU bias by aligning the state estimated from LiDAR measurements with that measured by IMU. We implement the proposed method as an initialization module, which, if enabled, automatically detects the degree of excitation of the collected data and calibrates the temporal offset, extrinsic, gravity vector, and IMU bias, which are then used as high-quality initial state values for real-time LiDAR-inertial odometry systems. Experiments conducted with different types of LiDARs and LiDAR-inertial combinations show the robustness, adaptability, and efficiency of our initialization method. The implementation of our LiDAR-inertial initialization procedure LI-Init and test data are open-sourced on Github and also integrated into a state-of-the-art LiDAR-inertial odometry system FAST-LIO2.
Robotics and Control