A High Efficiency Double Acting Soft Actuation
Mr. Liu Hao
PhD candidate in the Mechanical Engineering Dept.
Date & Time
Thursday, 28 April 2022
When twisting an elastic tube filled with fluid, the tube will contract and fluid inside the tube will be extruded out, generating both tendon-driven and fluidic actuation, called twisting tube actuation (TTA). Based on the TTA method, a novel soft bending actuator driven by tendon and fluidic power, namely double acting soft actuator (DASA) is proposed. The DASA can be actuated in four different modes by changing the fluid type or choosing to use the tendon or not. Experimental characterization of the DASA's bending angle, bending speed, bending force, and stiffness are conducted for the four modes of actuation in this seminar. Most of all, the mechanical efficiency of the DASA is quite high compared to soft pneumatic bending actuators. The mechanical efficiency of a soft pneumatic bending actuator is only 1.09%, and the mechanical efficiency is increased by 25.2 times to 27.48% when the proposed DASA works in the hydraulic plus tendon (HPT) mode thus making it more practical for more potential applications. A novel three-finger soft gripper based on the DASA has been developed for grasping tests and demonstration.
Additive Manufacturing & Design